Prof. Henry Alfred Kissinger
Professor Henry Alfred Kissinger was the 56th US Secretary of State, a position he held from 1973 to 1977. He also served as Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs from 1969 to 1975. In 1983 he was appointed by President Reagan to chair the National Bipartisan Commission on Central America until it ceased operation in 1985, and from 1984 to 1990 he served as a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board. From 1986 to 1988 he was a member of the Commission on Integrated Long-Term Strategy of the National Security Council and Defense Department.
Professor Kissinger graduated summa cum laude from Harvard College in 1950 and received Master of Arts and PhD degrees from Harvard University in 1952 and 1954. From 1954 to 1969 he was a member of the faculty of Harvard University, in both the Department of Government and the Center for International Affairs. He was Director of the Harvard International Seminar from 1952 to 1969.
At present, Professor Kissinger is a member of the Defense Policy Board; Director of the International Rescue Committee; Chairman of the International Advisory Board of American International Group, Inc.; an Honorary Governor of the Foreign Policy Association; an Honorary Member of the International Olympic Committee; and Chairman of Kissinger Associates, Inc., an international consulting firm, among his other activities.
Professor Kissinger is the author of monographs such as A World Restored: Castlereagh, Metternich and the Restoration of Peace, 1812-1822; Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy; The Necessity for Choice: Prospects of American Foreign Policy; The Troubled Partnership: A Reappraisal of the Atlantic Alliance; White House Years; For the Record: Selected Statements, 1977-1980; Years of Upheaval; Observations: Selected Speeches and Essays, 1982-1984; Years of Renewal; Does America Need a Foreign Policy?: Toward a Diplomacy for the Twenty-first Century; Ending the Vietnam War: A History of America’s Involvement in and Extrication from the Vietnam War; and Crisis: The Anatomy of Two Major Foreign Policy Crises.
Among the awards Professor Kissinger has received have been the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973; the Presidential Medal of Freedom (the nation's highest civilian award) in 1977; and the Medal of Liberty (given one time to ten foreign-born American leaders) in 1986.